GATE Exam 2022 will be conducted in the month of February. So, GATE is the short form for the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering. This exam is conducted in India and it analyses the students’ understanding of various undergraduate-level engineering as well as science subjects. So, the GATE exam is taken for higher education admissions. Additionally, for Public Sector Companies’ jobs. Besides, the GATE exam is conducted on behalf of the National Coordination Board – GATE, Ministry of Education, Government of India, by the IIS as well as all seven IITs including Mumbai, Guwahati, Delhi, Roorkee, Kanpur, Chennai, and Kharagpur.
So, the score obtained in the GATE exam shows a candidate’s performance level. Also, this score is useful for getting admitted into many post-graduation programs like Master of Architecture, Master of Technology, and Doctor of Philosophy and receiving financial aid from government agencies and MHRD, in higher education institutes in India.
The GATE scores nowadays are also useful for the recruitment of fresh graduates by Indian public sector undertakings. In fact, GATE is one of the most difficult competitive examinations in India. Consequently, it is also recognized by universities outside India like the one in Singapore named Nanyang Technological University.
Points to Remember
GATE Stands For
Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering
₹ 750 for SC, ST, Indian female, as well as physically challenged candidates.
Also, for the rest of the Indian candidates, it is ₹ 1500.
However, it is USD 50 for international candidates.
Bachelor Degree graduates or Final Year students of engineering or architecture or Master’s in CA, science, as also equivalent degrees are eligible for application.
Mode of Examination
Standardized computer-based test
Specifically, among the eligibility criteria, there is no specification of any age limit by the authorities, to appear for GATE.
So, below is a list of all the criteria for candidates who can apply for the GATE exam:
- Firstly, Bachelor’s degree graduates in Technology/ Engineering/ Architecture (3 years after 10+2/ 10+2+3(ongoing)/ Post-B.Sc./ 10+2+4(ongoing)/ Post-Diploma). So, candidates who currently are in the final year of these programs are eligible. Similarly, those who are in the penultimate year of Bachelors of Technology.
- Students who have completed or are in the final year of their Master’s degree in any one of the branches of Science/Statistics/Computer Applications/ Mathematics as also in programs equivalent to these.
- Also, the students who are currently pursuing a four-year integrated master’s degree in Technology or Engineering and are in the second year or higher of the same, after Bachelor’s of Science.
- Also, the students that are currently pursuing a five-year integrated master’s degree. Similarly, students in Dual Degree programs in Technology or Engineering who are in the fourth year or higher of the same.
- Likewise, the students who have obtained qualifications via exams that are conducted by professional societies recognized by AICTE/UGC, AIMCE, and AIMETE are equivalent to B. Tech/B.E are also eligible.
- Finally, students who are currently pursuing an undergraduate degree and are in the 3rd year or higher of the same or have completed a government-approved degree in Technology/ Engineering/ Architecture/ Commerce/ Science / Arts are all eligible to apply for the GATE exam.
Syllabus for GATE Exam 2022
The syllabus of the GATE exam is as follows:
- Verbal Ability – Sentence completion, English grammar, word groups, verbal analogies, instructions, verbal deduction, as also critical reasoning.
- Numerical Ability – Numerical estimation, Numerical computation, data interpretation, as also numerical reasoning.
- Engineering Mathematics (But this is for some papers only)
- Technical ability – However, these technical questions depend on the paper that the candidate chooses.
GATE Exam Subject 2022
So currently, there are 29 subject choices or what they call 29 disciplines, in which GATE is being conducted. Thus, candidates can choose, select anyone from amongst these 29 disciplines to appear for the GATE exam. Thus, the list is given below:
Name of GATE Paper
Architecture and Planning
Computer Science & Information Technology
Electronics & Communication Engineering
Environmental Science and Engineering
Ecology and Evolution
Geology and Geophysics
Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering
Production and Industrial Engineering
Textile Engineering and Fiber Science
Humanities and Social Sciences
So, the GATE exam consists of a complete set of 65 questions for a total of 100 marks. Further, these questions have to be solved in a duration of 180 minutes or 3 hours. GATE is conducted in an online mode for all the papers since it is a Computer Based Test (CBT). However, each student sees a shuffled series of questions on their respective screens.
The students who qualify in the GATE exam are eligible for financial assistance, also known as scholarships, from the government for various programs. However, the criteria for these scholarships differ from institute to institute.
Meanwhile, MHRD and the University Grants Commission, in December 2015, have announced an increase of 55% in the scholarship amount for students who qualify for GATE and are students of a Master’s degree program. Accordingly, this increased the initial scholarship amount of ₹8,000 or US$110 per month to ₹12,400 or US$160 per month.
The types of questions that might appear in GATE Exam 2022 are as follows:
- MCQs or Multiple Choice questions (Answer contains 4 options, but only one of them which is correct has to be chosen)
- Multiple Select Questions where the answer contains four options but one or more than one might be correct and the answer(s) must be chosen accordingly.
- Additionally, NATs or Numerical Answer Type questions where an answer is necessarily a real number only. So, this answer has to be entered through the computer’s mouse and an on-screen keypad.
How does the Marking Scheme of GATE Exam 2022 work?
As mentioned earlier, the GATE exam consists of 65 questions. So, out of these 65 questions, some are one mark ones while the others carry 2 marks each.
Then, among these shuffled sets of 65 questions, 10 questions are based on general aptitude which includes Numerical and Verbal Ability. So, these are segregated into 5 questions that carry one mark each and the remaining 5 that carry 2 marks each.
Additionally, the remaining 55 questions are Technical, which depend on the Paper chosen by the candidate from amongst the 29 disciplines. Here, out of 55, 25 questions will carry one mark while the remaining 30 are 2 mark questions each.
Moreover, in the GATE exam, MCQ-type questions have negative markings. That is, if a question is answered incorrectly, 1/3rd of its original (or maximum) marks will be deducted. So, if a one-mark question goes wrong, 0.33 marks and 0.66 marks for an incorrectly answered 2 mark question will be deducted. On the other hand, Multiple Select Questions and NATs have no negative markings.
Results (Old and New format)
Subsequently, results of the GATE exam are declared about a month after the exams are conducted. The candidate can check the total marks they have scored as well as their GATE score, the cut-off marks for all papers and the All India Rank that they have secured when the results are declared.
However, the results are now being declared in a new format recently, called the Normalized GATE score. Earlier, it used to be declared using an old procedure.
Qualification for GATE Exam 2022
The qualifying marks and the criteria as well as rules that apply for qualifying in the GATE exam vary every year. Also, different subjects, as well as different categories that students belong to have different qualifying, marks out of 100.
Firstly, the qualifying marks for the general category candidates are usually 25 marks or higher. Secondly, 90% of the qualifying marks for the general category are the qualifying marks for the OBC category. Finally, 2/3rd of the general category’s qualification marks are the qualification for SC and ST candidates.
Indeed, the GATE exam is one of the most difficult examinations conducted in India. As a result, only about 15% of the total candidates that appear for the exam each year qualify for it. Thus, very high percentiles are needed to get admission for higher studies in IITs and IIS.
Additionally, admissions to a number of post-graduate programs are based on the GATE qualifications and the score obtained. Also, GATE-qualified candidates are eligible for many diplomas, scholarships, fellowships, etc, at various prestigious institutions and laboratories across India.
As mentioned earlier, the GATE exam is considered tough and has been recognized by universities abroad. Accordingly, they check the ability of the students based on the GATE score for admission to their higher education degree programs.
Of course, a number of recruitment opportunities are available for candidates qualifying for the GATE exam. As a result, in the Public Sector Undertaking Jobs, many companies like the Indian Oil Corporation, NTPC, BHE, PowerGrid Corporation of India, and Bharat Electronics, all consider the GATE score as a factor for giving jobs.